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Protective Relay Training - This 12-Hour live online instructor-led training course provides a comprehensive understanding of industrial, commercial and institutional power system protection. Relay technicians, system protection engineers, consultants, and engineers and technicians working in system protection should take this course.

9 GUNDOG TRAINING TIPS FROM THE FIELD. Learn how to teach a young pup to sit or how to maintain an all round gundog’s training. These gundog training tips cover every gundog, from an unruly young pup to an experienced peg dog gone wild. Use The Field’s gundog training tips for top summer training and smooth days in the field. The Field Training and Evaluation Program (FTEP) also known as the Field Training Officer Program (FTOP or FTP) was first designed by the San Jose California Police Department. 1 2 Over the years this program has evolved and changed as other departments adopted it.

Our Protective Relay Training course will benefit personnel of all levels of experience because it covers a range of complexity of relay schemes, methods of testing relays and of analyzing relay operations. We discuss system protection principles, measurement devices used for relaying, basic relay schemes used, and the most common schemes used in the field. This course provides professionals with real examples from actual system protection situations.

This Protective Relay Training course will cover relay theory and operation of modern digital types from two major North American relay manufacturers (GE Multilin and SEL), covering many types of functions such as phase, ground, negative sequence overcurrent, over and under voltage, over and under frequency, reverse power, distance and bus/transformer/line differential. Topics such as complete motor protection, fault current basics and application of fuses and circuit breakers / contactors in industrial and distribution substations, will also be covered.

Engineers who need a comprehensive understanding of the challenges and solutions for protecting electrical power systems should attend this course.

The Protective Relay Training course provides basic guidelines for relay application and settings calculation. It also reviews basic power system concepts and describes instrument transformers. This training course is designed for technicians, operators, maintenance personnel and engineers who need a comprehensive understanding of the challenges and solutions for protecting industrial power systems. This training course provides guidelines how to download and install North American relay manufacturers software packages, guidelines how to establish communication between laptop and relay as well as basic relay logic programing examples. Course provides guidelines for the relay protection application, principles and setting calculation and an overview of the principals of the relaying protection for motors, transformers, medium voltage cables, feeders, buses, generators, transmission and distribution lines, breaker failure and capacitor banks. This training course also reviews basic power system concepts and current and voltage instrument transformers. Protection requirements for industrial plants, cogeneration, and interconnection with the utility power system are explained in detail. This course covers the subject of power system protection from a practical perspective, and includes important functional aspects such as testing and coordination of protection systems. This course is designed for individuals who are involved with industries and utilities which depend on proper system protection for operational efficiency and minimizing damage to equipment.

A properly designed protection system has downstream devices (breakers/fuses/relays) should activating before upstream devices. This minimizes the portion of the system affected by a fault or other disturbance. At the substation level, feeder breakers should trip before the main. Likewise, downstream panel breakers should trip before the substation feeder supplying the panel.

Power System Protection And Coordination of various electrical equipment and apparatus requires a good understanding of phase and ground short circuit currents, detection, and safe clearing of the faulted equipment.

  • Gain valuable experience in utility and industrial electrical system analysis, protection, control, communication, and automation
  • Learn the latest trends in evolving electrical protection standards, design methods, and new technologies
  • Gain Valuable knowledge of electrical power system analysis and short circuit calculations, time current coordination curves, fusing fundamentals, and more!!
  • Learn how to keep your electrical system engineers, operators and project managers on track by using the latest relay protection techniques

Large or small, each and every industrial, commercial and institutional organization needs to understand how to protect their investment in their electric power systems. To do this properly, companies need to know how to perform an electrical protection analysis of all the parts of their power system: such as analyse fault data, come up with protection settings, then get all of the components of their plant to be controlled by the operators who are responsible for integrating their power system into communication and data acquisition modes.

Students will be learn the essentials of electrical protection design, relay coordination, and fusing fundamentals, breaker fundamentals. Students will be provided with an understanding of digital protective relaying, as we go through practical examples of generator, feeder, motor, and transformer electrical protection.

Note: It will be beneficial if students will have own laptop.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • To identify the challenges and solutions to industrial and power system protection problems and the benefits of reliable and fast arc-flash protection.
  • To provide a practical understanding and selection of protective device relay applications and protective relay schemes for industrial and electrical power systems and equipment.
  • Describe current and voltage transformers and their impact on protection relay settings and schemes.
  • Apply and calculate settings for motor, generation, industrial distribution and transmission lines, transformer, bus, breaker failure protection schemes, load shedding, power source transfers and arc-flush mitigation.
  • Refresh your knowledge of the basic industrial system protection techniques including fault analysis and overvoltage assessment.
  • Develop your own relay settings and thoroughly understand the philosophy of protective systems.
  • Analyze power system faults for balanced and unbalanced conditions using symmetrical components.
  • Study actual cases illustrating various techniques in present use and highlighting particular approaches used by experienced system designers.
  • Enhance your experience with power system protection problems generally faced, and solutions successfully adopted, by industry.
  • Understand how to apply microprocessor-based multifunction relays for the protection of various power system equipment and apparatus.

COURSE BENEFITS

The Electrical Protection Coordination Training Course:

  • Will Reduce Unnecessary Downtime!
  • Provide Recommended Settings For Adjustable Trip Circuit Breakers And Relays.
  • Will Increase Coordination (Selectivity) Between Devices.
  • Identify Deficiencies In System Protection.
  • Will Provide Recommended Solutions To Help Correct Your Problem Areas.

WHO should attend

  • Industrial, commercial, institutional electrical engineers, and electrical maintenance personnel
  • Consulting Electrical Engineers
  • Project engineers
  • Design engineers
  • Field technicians
  • Electrical technicians
  • Plant operators
  • Plant engineers
  • Electrical supervisors
  • Managers in charge of plant communication infrastructure

Students receive

  • This Course Includes Our Latest Electrical Protection and Control Handbook!! (Value $20)
  • $100 Coupon Toward any Future Electricity Forum Event (Restrictions Apply)
  • 1.4 Continuing Education Unit (CEU) Credits
  • FREE Magazine Subscription (Value $25.00)
  • Forum Presentation Materials in Paper Format

The Field Training and Evaluation Program (FTEP) also known as the Field Training Officer Program (FTOP or FTP) was first designed by the San Jose California Police Department.[1][2] Over the years this program has evolved and changed as other departments adopted it.[3]

History[edit]

Pre 1960 San Jose had no formal training system. In the early 1960s they participated in a P.O.S.T. (Police Officer's Standardized Training), brief academy, initially utilizing an informal checklist. Lt. Robert Allen proposed an 8-week program in 1972 using the first DOR. In 1973 the program was overhauled and a department psychologist established the one (1) to seven (7) rating scale from ten thousand (10,000) behavioral descriptions from thirty-five hundred (3,500) D.O.R.s (Daily Observation Reports). In 1974 a questionnaire from seventy (70) FTOs established the rating criteria of a one (1), four (4) and seven (7) which was the basis of the Standard Evaluation Guidelines.Since San Jose the program has been modified, most notably by the Houston Police Department in the early 1980s, the Travis County Sheriff's Office in 1992, and the Reno Police Department via a DOJ Grant in the early 2000s. The Travis County Model as developed by then Sgt. Richard Whitehead has been modified and simplified again and is now known as the Whitehead model and affectionately known by its users as the 'Common Sense' model. In 2018 Whitehead introduced software for its program users.

Program Orientation[edit]

The most critical time of the FTO program is the first few days. The new job creates stress as a result of change. The FTP is another step in the overall process. The trainee is the FTP key figure. The FTO Sergeant should contact the FTO and trainee once per shift. The San Jose model is a score based model (trainee scored every day during the program) versus Houston and Travis County/Whitehead models which separate Training phases from Evaluation phases, i.e. scoring only occurs during Evaluation.

The Programs[edit]

The San Jose Program should be seventy (70) days and fifty-five (55) D.O.R.s. There are four progressive phases. The D.O.R. is completed each day and the scores are discussed between the FTO and trainee.

The Forum Of Field Traning 1ali  
  • Phase I consists of five (5) working days and is recorded as limbo time for the trainee. Limbo time does not count against the trainee and allows him/her time to observe his Field Training Officer.
  • Phase II consists of five (5) working days that the trainee will be evaluated by the senior Field Training Officer.
  • Phase III consists of five (5) days of shadow time.
  • Phase IV is divided into three (3) segments consisting of seven working days of which five (5) days require a completed D.O.R.
  • Phase V is the balance of the 365-day probationary period.

Only phases two (2) and three (3) can be extended and only for twenty and five days respectively. A D.O.R. with a rating of one (1) for two (2) consecutive training days will be forwarded immediately to the FTO Commander.The program described above is a base program modeled after the San Jose FTEP. It is important to note that many departments have longer and very restrictive FTE programs. The San Jose is only a base model and many departments develop similar programs with the differences ranging from minimal to the very extensive.

The Houston Program has seven phases:Phase 1–4 are TrainingPhase 5 is EvaluationPhase 6 is Remedial Training in any Performance Categories FAILED in Phase 5.Phase 7 is Final Evaluation

Training is documented separately from evaluation in 16 Performance Categories. Checklist of required training topics. With lesson plan to be completed per phase. A trainee works at his/her own pace and level upon entering the program and is allowed to complete the entire program minus being a safety hazard. Heavy documentation of actual training performed to include specific strengths and weaknesses. Documentation is completed and reviewed with the trainee daily. Trainers cannot evaluate a trainee they trained. Must go through at least two evaluators for two different opinions of ability. Mandates a Termination Review Committee. Scoring is done on a scale of 1 to 5. All scores are defined. Trainers are trained in two job classifications as either instructors or evaluators.

The Travis County (Whitehead) model is similar to Houston's except scoring is Pass/Fail. Uses 14 performance categories. The documentation is sufficient yet thorough and extremely defendable. Since 1992 it has never had a court challenge.

The Whitehead model ~ Easily implementable and flexible to size of dept. (Length of Program & Phases)~ 14 Performance Categories.~ Checklist of required training topics and a per-phase lesson plan.~ Trainee encouraged to do as much as capable.~ Training documented separate from Evaluation (Ghost). No scores during training, but mechanisms in place for removal if NRT. (Focus is on training not a score.) ~ When documentation contains specific deficient behavior it must also include the specific remedial training done and the trainee’s response to that training. (Highly acclaimed by program users.)~ Documentation tracks types of incidents trainee has been exposed to so program managers can make adjustments to call exposure as program progresses.~ During Evaluation (Ghost) Scoring is Pass / Fail. This critical decision takes at least 2 Evaluators (FTO’s) to determine. ~ Scores are clearly defined.~ Training Review Committee mandated as part of a Checks and Balance system.

The Whitehead model has been modified and used: New Supervisors, Corrections, Communications, Fire/EMS, SWAT, etc.

Next we will discuss why FTEP programs are valuable.

Value of the FTEP[edit]

The FTEP / FTOP is a court tested and E.E.O.C. consistent program because it is part of the selection process. (Job related tasks) It is a test with the selection process. A good test is both credible and job related.

Legal considerations[edit]

The Commission On Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, Inc. (CALEA), requires that any agencies seeking accreditation must conduct formal field training, as do many state accreditation processes.A good FTOP reduces civil litigation alleging negligent hiring and retention of trainees.It is a cost-effective way of eliminating non-effective, non-productive personnel.

The Forum Of Field Training 1 Ali Jinnah

FTO (Field Training Officer)[edit]

The FTO is usually a senior officer within the department that has been trained in the FTP. The FTO's duties consist of training and evaluating the trainee. He is responsible for explaining policy and procedure. He provides orientation to the trainee within their jurisdiction. He encourages self-initiated activity as well as good driving habits. The FTO is responsible for testing the trainee verbally and through written test. He is required to complete, document and discuss the scores from the DOR with the trainee. The FTO must provide remedial training for the trainee if it is necessary.

On May 25, 2020 a video showing Minneapolis citizen George Floyd being choked to death by 19 year veteran of the Minneapolis Police Department, Derek Chauvin went viral.[4] The two officers who held down Floyd's arms and legs defended themselves from criticisms they should have stopped Chauvin from killing Floyd by pointing out this was their first week on the job, and Chauvin was their training officer.

D.O.R. (Daily Observation Report)[edit]

Sharp copier machinesaccountnew. The San Jose DOR is a sheet that is completed by the FTO and then scored at the end of the shift. The report is scored on a sliding scale between the numbers of 1 and 7. A 1 is unacceptable and a 7 is exceptional. The DOR encompasses 29 grade-able task (performance categories) depending on the departments program. Some of the task include, Appearance, Attitude, Knowledge, Performance and Relationships. Each task category may have several sub-categories.

The Houston DOR's are separated Training/Evaluation. Scoring on a 1–5 scale only occurs during Evaluation Phases. Documentation of the training that is occurring is documented on both.

The Travis County/Whitehead models are similar to Houston and scoring is Pass/Fail. Houston and TCSO use 16 performance categories and Whitehead uses 14.

FTO program use by other professions[edit]

FTO programs (sometimes called FTEP, FTP, probationary program, or other names) are a relatively new concept in Emergency Medical Services (E.M.S.). Many EMS medical directors are mandating a formal orientation process that is more robust and comprehensive than the credentialing process typically seen in hospital organizations. This is particularly true of agencies that perform 'High Risk/Low Frequency' skills that are subject to increased scrutiny. As a result, there are a number of EMS agencies who are adapting law enforcement FTO programs to new EMS providers.

EMS programs are unique in that they have both public safety and medical concerns and parameters, and also work dramatically different schedules than normally seen in law enforcement. EMS agencies often struggle to integrate clinical parameters into the law enforcement model of evaluation. As a result, there are significantly more variation in programs than commonly seen in Law Enforcement. That said, agencies that have successfully integrated and developed and FTO program have better retention, performance, and accountability.

References[edit]

  1. ^Cary A. Caro (2011-06-24). 'Predicting State Police Officer Performance in the Field Training Officer Program: What Can We Learn from the Cadet's Performance in the Training Academy?'. American Journal of Criminal Justice. 36 (4): 357–370. doi:10.1007/s12103-011-9122-6. S2CID143297766. The field training officer serves as a mentor to the newly graduated officer, monitors their on-the-job performance, and provides ongoing, developmental feedback over the course of the program.
  2. ^Larry A. Giddings; Mark Furstenberg; Henry J. Noble. (1970). Truman Walrod (ed.). Manual on Training for Sheriffs. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  3. ^Larry K. Gaines; John L. Worrall (2011). Police Administration. Nelson Education. p. 306. ISBN9781133418870. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  4. ^'Police reforms long overdue'. Rockford Register Star. 2020-06-10. Retrieved 2020-06-10. Make field training officer positions prestigious, well-paid assignments that only the highest performers qualify for. It’s worth noting that Chauvin was assigned to an FTO position despite having 18 previous complaints filed against him. The day of Floyd’s death, he had two rookies shadowing him. If you want better cops, find better teachers.

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